There’ll be Swingin’, Swayin’, and Records Playing*

As this is posted, it’s sixty years since Berry Gordy founded Motown Records. As you’ll know, ‘the Motown sound’ has had a powerful influence on popular music. Even today, it’s easy to see its impact on modern pop, rock, rap, and other music.

But Motown wasn’t universally embraced, at least at first. In its way, it was revolutionary, and many people didn’t want to adjust to it. That in itself is interesting. But the fact is, there’ve been lots of major musical influences that were considered unacceptable at first. And we see that in crime fiction, just as we’ve seen it in real life.

Before there was Motown, there was ragtime, which grew to major popularity at the very end of the 19th Century and beginning of the 20th. There were, of course, other major changes in society at that time, and not everyone was eager to embrace them. And plenty of people didn’t see ragtime as ‘appropriate’ music. Readers get a look at the ragtime music culture in Larry Karp’s The Ragtime Kid, which begins in 1898. In in, we meet fifteen-year-old Brun Campbell, who loves playing and listening to the piano. One day, he happens to hear Scott Joplin’s Maple Leaf Rag, and is entranced. He wants to know more about Joplin and ragtime music, and he can’t get that new sound out of his mind. So, a year later, he travels from Oklahoma, where he lives, to Sedalia, Missouri, where Joplin lives. He’s wants to get started there and learn more ragtime, but instead, he gets mixed up in a case of murder. One night, he accidentally trips over the body of a young unknown woman. She is identified as Sallie Randolph, and it turns out that she has what used to be called a ‘checkered past.’ As Brun asks questions about her death, and does some growing in the process, readers also learn quite a lot about Joplin and the world of ragtime.

Jazz was also arguably a revolutionary change in music. As you’ll know, it became popular during the 1920s, a time of many other major changes. And those who loved jazz were often looked at with a lot of suspicion. Certainly ‘nice girls’ didn’t go to ‘those sorts of places,’ and listen to ‘that kind of music.’ And yet, jazz has had a profound impact on the music we listen to now. We see that reflected in crime fiction, too.

For example, in several of Agatha Christie’s novels (I’m thinking, for instance, of Peril at End House, and Dumb Witness), we meet characters who are a part of the Jazz Age culture. They listen to the music and have adopted the styles and culture that are associated with jazz music of that time. And that lifestyle (and the music) are seen by some as not entirely respectable, perhaps even vaguely disreputable. That view of jazz isn’t the reason for the murders in those stories. But it’s interesting to see what the perception is.

There’s a similar perception in Dorothy L. Sayers’ The Unpleasantness at the Bellona Club. In that novel, Lord Peter Wimsey investigates the deaths of two people: General Fentiman (who is a member of Lord Peter’s club), and Fentiman’s wealthy sister, Lady Dormer. At one point, Wimsey is having a conversation with Fentiman’s grandson George and his wife. George has this to say about the effect of jazz and the jazz culture:

‘‘In the old days, heaps of unmarried women were companions, and… they had a much better time than they have now, with all this jazzing and short skirts…the modern girl hasn’t a scrap of decent feeling or sentiment about her.’’ 

The assumption is that jazz music has had a dangerous influence on the younger generation.

After World War II, there were other music revolutions. The ‘Beat Generation’ changed the way people thought about music and the other arts. We see a bit of that in Matsumoto Seichō’s Inspector Imanishi Investigates. The novel was published in 1961, a time of great change in Japan. Those changes are an important element in the background for this novel. In it, Tokyo police detective Imanishi Eitaro and his team look into the murder of Miki Ken’ichi, whose body was discovered under a train. After some effort, Imanishi learns that the victim had come from Okoyama to Tokyo, but there’s no clear reason why. He was much beloved in Okoyama, and didn’t really know anyone in Tokyo, so there seems to be no motive for his murder. Little by little, Imanishi and the team discover connections between this death, a suicide, and the Avant-Garde Theatre, which is a haunt for musicians and other artists who are breaking new ground. One of the elements in the novel is the sense of unease about this new revolution in music and culture. These young people want to break with the traditional past. And that’s not always seen as a good thing.

And then there’s Steph Avery’s Our Trespasses, much of which takes place in 1966 South East London, a mecca for Mods, Rockers, and lots of social and cultural change. Caught up in it all are sisters Bridget ‘Bridie’ and Madeline ‘Midge’ Dolan. They’ve had a sheltered life and are considered ‘good girls.’ But they want to be a part of the social life of the era. One Friday night, they get their wish. They wangle permission from their mother to go to the Palais Royale, so long as their cousin Jimmy takes them and brings them home. The girls readily agree to this and get ready to go. The music is revolutionary and exciting, although it all makes Bridie a bit nervous. Before the night is over, there’s a tragedy that impacts the girls for the rest of their lives. And it has repercussions years later, when the body of a vagrant is found in a South London Underground station, and the police receive an anonymous letter confessing to the murder.

Whether you like Motown music or not, it’s hard to deny its influence. It really did represent a major change in music and has had a profound impact since it began. And, as we see from crime fiction, there’s often a bit of danger when something revolutionary comes along…


*NOTE: The title of this post is a line from Marvin Gaye, William ‘Mickey’ Stevenson and Ivy Jo Hunter’s Dancing in the Streets, made unforgettable by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. I know, fans of Mick Jagger and David Bowie. I’m just saying…


Filed under Agatha Christie, Dorothy L. Sayers, Larry Karp, Matsumoto Seichō, Steph Avery

14 responses to “There’ll be Swingin’, Swayin’, and Records Playing*

  1. Col

    Zero Avenue from Dietrich Kalteis embraces Vancouver’s early punk rock scene, another youth phenomenon that frightened the establishment – and the parents!

  2. Kathy D.

    I love old rhythm and blues, especially when performed by those quartets and quintets. Dancing in the Streets is one of my favorite songs. I request it at every party I go to with a DJ. That and Ain’t No Mountain High Enough, sung by Marvin Gaye and Tammy Tyrell.
    That was my era of music.
    Of course, ragtime is good. Have a Scott Joplin record.
    One of the characteristics of Harry Bosch I enjoy is his love and knowledge of jazz. I like jazz, but don’t listen to music often enough. I should.

    • I like jazz very much, too, Kathy, and I’m glad you brought up Michael Connelly’s Harry Bosch. It suits his personality, I think, that he likes jazz. As for ragtime, some of that music is really excellent; certainly it’s distinctive.
      And I agree with you about Ain’t No Mountain…. That’s a classic of that era, as is Dancing in the Street. There’s just something about that music, isn’t there?

  3. Kathy D.

    And I still mourn the passing of the Queen of Soul, Aretha Franklin. Heard/saw her on a PBS special the other night: fantastic. Then I saw Gloria Gaylor singing a women’s classic: I Will Survive. Fantastic music.

  4. Interesting subject! I’ll add Peter May’s Runaway – based on his real life experiences as a teenager – which is about a group of Scots lads who run off to London to get into the new Sixties rock scene. While there an event happens that will affect the rest of their lives. It’s told in two timelines, the boys’ adventures in the sixties, and the present day, with the same boys now as men approaching their old age and trying to lay the ghosts of their past.

    • Thanks, FictionFan! I’m glad you enjoyed the post. And Runaway is a great example of using that ‘dangerous’ new rock music in crime fiction. Peter May is so good, isn’t he, at evoking a time/place/culture. And that period had so much new music and ‘dangerous’ ideas. I’m very glad you included it here.

  5. Interesting theme, Margot. But then which one of your posts isn’t?! I’d completely forgotten about Motown Records till you wrote about it. It was a familiar label in the seventies, even in the small beach-state of Goa in western India, where I grew up.

    • Thank you for the kind words, Prashant. I’m glad you found the post interesting. I think it’s fascinating that Motown has had such a reach in its history. I didn’t know it was popular where you grew up, too.

  6. Hi, Margot. Thanks for mentioning “The Ragtime Kid” in such favorable terms. (Full disclosure here, the author, Larry Karp, was my father.)

    There are three sequels to “The Ragtime Kid”–two written by Larry alone and one that he and co-wrote–and for anyone who wants a non-fictional look at Brun Campbell, Larry also wrote the definitive biography. More information on all the books at his website,

    • Thanks for that helpful information, Casey. I’m glad you enjoyed the post. Your father wrote some good stuff. Folks, do try the series and check out the website.

  7. Motown is so much the soundtrack of my youth! I saw the Motown Musical in Londond with some of my old schoolfriends a few years ago – the best kind of nostalgia. We reverted to our teens….

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